All types of electric vehicles have electric batteries that require a charge to operate. This is done a variety of ways depending upon the model. Hybrid-electric vehicles use internal systems to charge the battery, namely the internal combustion engine and regenerative braking. Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) use those as well, but additionally can be charged by plugging in to an outside power source. All electric vehicles are charged by connecting to an outside power source.
The outside power sources are referred to as electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), or charging stations. Electric vehicle charging stations are necessary for most plug-in hybrid vehicles and all battery-electric vehicles. EVSE has been consistently increasing since 1995 and now represents 62 percent of all alternative fuel stations in California. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 had a large impact on the rollout of ESVE infrastructure here in California and across the nation; numerous PEV and EVSE projects were made possible by ARRA funding via the Transportation Electrification Initiative administered by the Department of Energy.
Public charging stations, including quick charge stations, are becoming more commonplace to support existing PEVs and to provide enough charging infrastructure to advance more widespread adoption by consumers.
For information on how to become EV Ready, go here.
For a list of charging stations throughout the US, go here.